Photo credit: Emily Wood


Hoosier amphibians can be found in a wide variety of habitats, but all require a water or some moisture to survive. These small vertebrates include toads, frogs, salamanders and newts. Since these incredible species can all breathe through their skin, and lay porous eggs–they are extremely susceptible to environmental threats and poor water quality.

Click on the common name of the native amphibians below to explore and learn more about each unique species.

Order Family Genus Species Common Name Status
Caudata Cryptobranchida Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Hellbender SE
Caudata Proteidae Necturus maculosus Common Mudpuppy SC
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma laterale Blue-spotted Salamander SC
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma jeffersonianum Jefferson Salamander
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma opacum Marbled Salamander
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma talpoideum Mole Salamander SE
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma texanum Small-mouthed Salamander
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma maculatum Spotted Salamander
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma barbouri Streamside Salamander SC
Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma tigrinum Tiger Salamander
Caudata Salamandridae Notophthalmus viridescens Eastern Newt
Caudata Plethodontidae Desmognathus fuscus Northern Dusky Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Hemidactylium scutatum Four-toed Salamander SC
Caudata Plethodontidae Eurycea lucifuga Cave Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Eurycea longicauda Long-tailed Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Eurycea cirrigera Southern Two-lined Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Pseudotriton ruber Red Salamander SE
Caudata Plethodontidae Plethodon electromorphus Northern Ravine Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Plethodon cinereus Eastern Red-backed Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Plethodon glutinosus Northern Slimy Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Plethodon dorsalis Northern Zigzag Salamander
Caudata Plethodontidae Aneides aeneus Green Salamander SE
Caudata Plethodontidae Siren intermedia Lesser Siren
Anura Scaphiopodidae Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern Spadefoot
Anura Bufonidae Anaxyrus americanus American Toad
Anura Bufonidae Anaxyrus fowleri Fowler’s Toad
Anura Hylidae Acris crepitans Northern Cricket Frog SC
Anura Hylidae Pseudacris ferarium Southeastern Chorus Frog
Anura Hylidae Pseudacris triseriata Western Chorus Frog
Anura Hylidae Pseudacris crucifer Spring Peeper
Anura Hylidae Hyla chrysoscelis Cope’s Gray Treefrog
Anura Hylidae Hyla versicolor Gray Treefrog
Anura Hylidae Hyla cinerea Green Treefrog
Anura Ranidae Lithobates catesbeianus American Bullfrog
Anura Ranidae Lithobates areolatus Crawfish Frog SE
Anura Ranidae Lithobates clamitans Green Frog
Anura Ranidae Lithobates pipiens Northern Leopard Frog
Anura Ranidae Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog
Anura Ranidae Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog SE
Anura Ranidae Lithobates sphenocephalus Southern Leopard Frog
Anura Ranidae Lithobates sylvaticus Wood Frog