Photo credit: Maria Overlay


Shells and scales, the reptiles of Indiana are fascinating to explore. Learn about Indiana’s turtles, snakes, and lizards by clicking on the common name below.

Order Family Genus Species Common Name Status
Squamata Phrynosomatidae Sceloporus undulatus Eastern Fence Lizard
Squamata Anguidae Ophisaurus attenuatus Slender Glass Lizard
Squamata Teiidae Aspidoscelis sexlineata Six-lined Racerunner
Squamata Scincidae Plestiodon fasciatus Common Five-lined Skink
Squamata Scincidae Plestiodon laticeps Broad-headed Skink
Squamata Scincidae Scincella lateralis Little Brown Skink
Squamata Natricidae Thamnophis butleri Butler’s Gartersnake SE
Squamata Natricidae Thamnophis sirtalis Common Gartersnake
Squamata Natricidae Thamnophis sauritus Eastern Ribbonsnake
Squamata Natricidae Thamnophis radix Plains Gartersnake
Squamata Natricidae Thamnophis proximus Western Ribbonsnake SC
Squamata Natricidae Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta Copper-bellied Watersnake FT,SE
Squamata Natricidae Nerodia rhombifer Diamond-backed Watersnake
Squamata Natricidae Nerodia sipedon Northern Watersnake
Squamata Natricidae Regina septemvittata Queen Snake
Squamata Natricidae Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland’s Snake SE
Squamata Natricidae Virginia valeriae Smooth Earthsnake
Squamata Natricidae Storeria dekayl DeKay’s Brownsnake
Squamata Natricidae Storeria occipltomaculata Red-bellied snake
Squamata Colubridae Coluber constictor Racer
Squamata Colubridae Opheodrys aestivus Rough Greensnake SC
Squamata Colubridae Opheodrys vernalis Smooth Greensnake SE
Squamata Colubridae Pantherophis spiloides Gray Ratsnake
Squamata Colubridae Pantherophis vulpinus Western Foxsnake
Squamata Colubridae Pituophis catenifer sayi Bullsnake
Squamata Colubridae Lampropeltis nigra Black Kingsnake
Squamata Colubridae Lampropeltis t. syspila Red Milksnake
Squamata Colubridae Lampropeltis t. triangulum Eastern Milksnake
Squamata Colubridae Lampropeltis c. calligaster Prairie Kingsnake
Squamata Colubridae Cemophora coccinea Scarletsnake SE
Squamata Colubridae Tantilla coronata Southeastern Crowned Snake SE
Squamata Crotalidae Agkistrodon contortrix Copperhead
Squamata Crotalidae Sistrurus catenatus Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake
Squamata Crotalidae Agkistrodon piscivorus Cottonmouth
Squamata Crotalidae Crotalus horridus Timber Rattlesnake SE
Squamata Xenodontidae Heterdon platirhinos Eastern hog-nosed snake
Squamata Xenodontidae Farancia abacura Red-bellied Mudsnake SC
Squamata Dipsadinae Diadophis punctatus Ring necked snake
Squamata Dipsadinae Carphophis amoenus Eastern Wormsnake
Testudines Chelydridae Chelydra serpentina Snapping Turtle
Testudines Chelydridae Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle SE
Testudines Kinosternidae Sternotherus odoratus Eastern Musk Turtle
Testudines Kinosternidae Kinosternon subrubrum Eastern Mud Turtle SE
Testudines Emydidae Emys blandingii Blanding’s Turtle SE
Testudines Emydidae Terrapene c. carolina Eastern Box Turtle SP
Testudines Emydidae Chrysemys picta Painted Turtle
Testudines Emydidae Clemmys guttata Spotted Turtle SE
Testudines Emydidae Trachemys s. elegans Red-eared Slider
Testudines Emydidae Terrapene ornata Ornate Box Turtle SE
Testudines Emydidae Graptemys geographica Northern Map Turtle
Testudines Emydidae Graptemys pseudogeographica False Map Turtle
Testudines Emydidae Graptemys ouachitensis Ouachita Map Turtle
Testudines Emydidae Pseudemys concinna River Cooter SE
Testudines Trionychidae Apalone mutica Smooth Softshell
Testudines Trionychidae Apalone spinifera Spiny Softshell